Preserved Gas holders
This post has evolved from one I did a couple of days ago on Greenwich.gov.uk. This was about the gasholder conference organised by the Institution of Gas Engineers last week. As a result a number of people have asked about gasholders around the world which have been converted to this and that - and so I have prepared this posting solely on that subject. Thank you to all the people who have sent links and information - some of which are replicated below.
One of the papers at the Conference was on gas holder conversions (and I will come to Kings Cross later). Russell described conversions at:
Gasometer City, Vienna
- shopping malls, flats and offices
- used for creative industries.
Gaswerks Shoneberg, Berlin
- event space and a structure resembling the Reichstag Dome
- commercial exhibition space and panoramas
Tauchrevier Gasometer, Duisberg
-indoor diving centre
Hobro Gasworks, Denmark
Stockholm Gasworks, Sweden
- cultural venues
- public spaces and music events
Museo del Gas, Barcelona
Suvilahti, Helskini, Finland
- cultural events and a circus school
- industrial museum and cultural centre
MAN Gasholder, Oberhausen
- cultural venue and landmark
The Gas Works, Dublin
- now contains 240 flats
Newstead Gas Works Plaza, Australia
- now a 'public plaza'
Kallang Gas Works, Singapore - now an arena in a park
Oestre Gasveark Teater, Copenhagen
- now a theatre
Gefle Gasverks, Sweden
- now a theatre
and did it with great slides and detail. I am not sure of the status of his report and if a link through to it would be acceptable to IGE,
I did a brief article on gas holder reuse in a GIHS Newsletter over ten years ago - none of the web links I quoted work any more. But I have put what information I have below.
The links below gives information on holders in Continental Europe and America. They are usually brick built structures - for the simple reason that in areas with very, very cold winters the water sealed holders used in Britain are just not practical. They are described on one site as "giant masonry round towers with several narrow windows and covered by metallic cupolas." - and those in St.Petersburg as "40 meters in diameter and stands 20 meters tall" They were built in 1872 and the same architect designed permanent circus buildings. . However look and see what is being done with them:
Vienna - Simmering - One of the most famous examples of re-use of gas holders has been 'gasometer city' at Simmering. Read about it here - and much more than one holder is involved http://www.archi-ninja.com/excellent-examples-of-adaptive-reuse/ and here are some reviews of their use as a shopping mall, albeit each with a different designer http://www.yelp.co.uk/biz/gasometer-wien
and here's their web site http://www.wiener-gasometer.at/en
Oberhausen - easily the most famous gasholder conversion is at Oberhausen. again it is in a type of holder not that familiar in England, although some do exist. It is a museum and cultural centre and it is described as "the landmark of the city of Oberhausen and, beyond that, it has become an entire region's identification sign that cannot be overlooked". /http://www.gasometer.de/en/the-gasometer/industrial-culture
Liepzeig - A link to a picture of the gas holder in Leipzeig can be found at http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1592582&page=9 and there is more about its conversion into a panometer in the America industrial archaeology magazine, below, which also describes the one in Dresden.
- the following link is to an article about a reinforced concrete gas holder in Dresden which has been turned into a art gallery for a panorama - and has renamed the holder as a 'panometer'.
Amsterdam - where a gasholder - one more of type we would recognise is now a feature in a park. Read a wildlife based web site on it http://www.sachimiyachi.com/workCO-B1.html and here's the whole story on their web site
Milan - Bovisa
. What is happening here is more confused - and not helped by the way that some web sites seem to translate 'gas works' as 'gasometer'. An old holder - of the type we would recognise - seems to be still standing on a site which has now been redeveloped as a Polytechnic. There seem to have been a number of plans for the holder but the current state is unclear, to me at least. There seems to be a plan to build a new library which looks like it. Perhaps someone could clarify this for me.
Florence While I am entirely unsure what at sceneographic nucleus is, and sure its very nice and here is something about the holder there - again one we would recognise http://brunelleschi.imss.fi.it/itineraries/place/FormerGasometer.html
- this is a bit nearer home, and a holder of a type we would recognise. This is a housing project. http://omparchitects.com/en/projects/the-gasworks/
St Petersburg - a site with several holders is under consideration - information at
http://www.arch.umd.edu/sites/arch.umd.edu/files/attachments/projects/Gasholders_Studio-2012_final.pdf and here is another picture http://wikimapia.org/14125214/Gasholder-house
Stockholm - and a plan for data storage centres. https://gigaom.com/2013/04/04/caves-ships-and-aging-gasometers-3-unlikely-homes-for-data-centers/
SO - Here we have a ground breaking scheme at Kings Cross where one holder has recently been re-erected and the landmark 'triplets' are to become - well landmarks, and housing. We had a very good presentation from a developer and I wonder if a link to the paper would be possible??
Meanwhile I have been kindly sent the following link to the architects web site http://www.bellphillips.com/project/gasholder-8/
Also - I have been sent information on a campaign in Hornsey to save the gasholder there from destruction, and also something from Edinburgh.
After all - we only invented the things.
PS My attention has been drawn to the latest edition of the Newcomen Society's 'Links' (9/14). This describes a Society visit to Moravia and Silesia - from which the following is an extract:
"the full impact of the Vitkovice Ironworks became clear. Steel-making finished in 1998 on this fully integrated site, with its own coal mine, coke ovens, four blast furnaces, steel-making furnaces and rolling mills. In 1994, nearly 35,000 people worked here and .... it has applied for UNESCO World Heritage Site status. ............................ The gas-holder has been turned into a concert hall and a reception area for the tour of No 1 blast furnace – the smallest of the four.