Thursday, 28 April 2016

Barbara Ludlow - An obituary


 BARBARA LUDLOW
1929-2016

Barbara was a Wellard who were a remarkable local family heavily involved in local politics.  Her parents – and in particular her communist uncle, Charlie – were well known in Greenwich and Woolwich. His son Chris’s record shop was the place to be in the 1960s.  Her parents were both strong Labour Party activists. But Barbara made her own mark as an important Greenwich historian. Brought up in Greenwich she attended Invicta and then the Roan Schools.

Julian Watson writes ‘I started work in the Local History Room at the old Blackheath Library in St John’s Park 1965 and it wasn’t long before I became assistant to June Burkitt in the Local History Room. It was there that I first met Barbara and we got along well immediately. She had already finished her London University diploma course in local history and I remember reading her dissertation, which is preserved in the Greenwich Heritage Centre.

The Local History Library was a fairly new initiative, which was far too big for one small room so an attempt was made to create a Local History Library at Charlton House. Sadly this failed because suddenly ‘Woodlands’ in Mycenae Road was on the market and threatened with demolition. Greenwich Council acquired it and the Local History Library was created there rather than at Charlton House. I, with two new members of staff, moved the collections there in 1970 and Barbara, who had been working as an adult education lecturer, was appointed as our Education Officer and Senior Library Assistant – she had worked at the National Central Library. She did all our timesheets and most of the general administration because I was gathering in all the other large and dispersed collections: the Woolwich and Kent Collections from Woolwich Library, council archives from the old Greenwich Town hall and Woolwich Town hall plus collection from Eltham library.

Barbara was an outstanding historian and communicator and always great company. She was married to Roy Ludlow who was a very talented and engaging man. He designed bank note printing machines for De La Rue and had a very busy life particularly when former colonies became independent and needed their own currency.  They had two sons, Christopher and Michael.
Barbara was needlessly anxious about her ability to write but produced many outstanding pieces of work. She wrote many fine articles in the Transactions of the Greenwich and Lewisham Antiquarian Society and the Journal of the Greenwich Historical Society, made a substantial contribution to Sally Jenkinson’s series of publications for the Gordon Teachers’ Centre - effectively a joint author. Barbara co-wrote the Combe Farm volume with Sally in that series.  Barbara’s ‘Greenwich’ book for the History Press, published in 1994 has been reprinted many times and still sells well. She and I produced “The Twentieth Century: Greenwich” and later “Greenwich Then and Now.” She also contributed an important chapter to “Aspects of the Arsenal” which was published in 1997.

Barbara was a fine speaker and was, in retirement, recruited by the late Ivan Howletts, the producer of the Radio 4 ‘Making History’ programmes. They became friends and he used her on several of the programmes. She and I did one programme about the Enderby family of Greenwich. Her work in schools and colleges was much admired - the students were not only fascinated by the content of her talks but they also behaved well. She was a natural teacher and lecturer. A powerful memory for me and a great achievement for Barbara were her talks to the patients at Bexley Mental Hospital. There was constant noise from the audience, which flowed in and out of the room with much shouting, but it was a very great success and the patients all loved her visits.

Barbara was a natural scholar – she said that she had only one ambition and that was historical research. She applied great intellectual rigour to her research and writing, never fully trusting published works but always going to the primary sources. She solved the mystery of the local Domesday Book entries, which had defeated generations of learned professors and antiquarians. After her retirement she was contracted by Greenwich Libraries to research historical documents relating to the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich as part of the European funded Konver project. This she did with great thoroughness, researching at many repositories including The London Metropolitan Archives, The National Archives and the Ministry of Defence. It was a very fine piece of work. On my last visit to the Greenwich Heritage Centre, I noticed that a volunteer was using her work and was thrilled with what she had done.

I have missed and will always miss our regular long telephone conversations about historical matters and shared memories. To finish, I treasure this tribute from June Burkitt, Greenwich’s first Local History Librarian, in reply to my message telling her of Barbara’s death:
“She was an extraordinary person, highly intelligent, compassionate and with a strong sense of human justice and decency. I have never known anyone quite like her. “ ‘

Thursday, 21 April 2016

News from around and about


INDUSTRIAL HISTORY NEWS - WITH GREENWICH INTEREST

We are getting information about plans to fill in the Arsenal Canal. More information here when we get it. Meanwhile https://fromthemurkydepths.wordpress.com/2016/03/17/plumstead-station-area-to-be-upgraded-though-royal-arsenal-canal-to-go/#comment-2098

GLIAS NEWSLETTER
They are advertising as follows
20th April GLIAS lecture Restoration of Historic Buildings from an Engineers Perspective by James Miller
18th May AGM 6.15 followed the Heritage of a City at Play. Simon Inglis
both at 75 Cowcross Street, EC1
and
2 July - Walk on Railways and Buildings of Woolwich Arsenal and Dockyard with Don Kennedy.  book via walks@glias.org.uk

The GLIAS Newsletter also contains a report on the Enderby Group's seminar with links to various sites with information on it.   This is essentially the same report which has appeared on this web site (largely because both were written by me).
Other items covered in the newsletter have already been covered here - one of them is an excellent review of the Museum of London's Archaeology Unit study of the Thames Ironworks site which lies opposite the Greenwich Peninsula, the road name change in Bexley to Bazalgette Way, and the admirable GooseyGoo.   There is a link to a project trying to list all letter boxes in Britain (115,000 of them)  http://www.lbsg.org/

Other meetings of Greenwich interest which they have listed are:
7th May  Before the Docks. Conference. www.docklandshistorygroup.org.uk
22nd May Crossness Engines Steam Open Day  www.crossness.org.uk
5th June Crossness Engines Static Open Day www.crossness.org.uk


*** AND - we have news that the latest GLIAS Journal is out. We haven't seen it yet BUT we understand it contains two articles about Crossness  - The Other Steam Engines at Crossness by David Dawson and The Native Guano Co at Crossness by Owen Ward

BYGONE KENT
Need to catch up with this - and will go through several back issues and report on what they say about Greenwich!
Meanwhile - this year.
Vol.37 No.1. a  nice review of my Innovations booklet - thank you Pat
Vol.37, No.2. Features a big article about Enderby Wharf

WOOLWICH ANTIQUARIANS NEWSLETTER
This has a brief note about the Welling and District Model Engineering Society (at Falconwood, just in Greenwich by a tiny margin) www.wdmes.co.uk
Steam and electric hauled railway open Sundays 2-5 pm  April 24, May 8,22, June 5,19, July 3,17,31. August 14,28  September 11,25, October 9th. They are at the back of the electricity transformer station at Falconwood

The newsletter has a long article about Frank Elliston-~Erwood who was a past Secretary of the Society. A plaque has been put up to him in Foxcroft Road.  There is a long article about him and about the plaque.
There is an article about the closure of Firepower and several obituaries. And - thank you Richard - an article about the Enderby House seminar.


THE LENOX PROJECT
Come and meet this project to build a historic warship on 23rd April,  They have an event with the Sayes Garden people in the foyer of the Deptford Lounge 12.30-3 (the Lounge is round the back of Deptford Church Street somewhere).  They have also produced 'The Lenox Project Vision. A lasting legacy for Deptford' which can be downloaded from their website. http://www.buildthelenox.org/

LETTER FROM NORFOLK
A reader from Norfolk has sent us his memories of Norton's Barge Yard on the Greenwich Peninsula "Over 40 years ago the organisation of the conversion of Thalatta at Norton's (for a youth organisation) watched in Astoundment as Dick heaped nearly 3/4 of a century of the succession of Kentish and (Bugsby's Hole) misc paperwork in a bonfire at H.T.M. despite the protests of the teller. I have often shared opinions as to how much Social History and REAL INDUSTRY  was missed by this singular act of frustration and broken dreams  - I greatly doubt if this witness is still alive if so her would be into his nineties.  Best regards for the unrecorded real TRADESMEN  who are long gone but not forgotten"


ENDERBY GROUP - had heard from some editing Briscoe's Journal of his Antarctic voyages for Enderbys - more on this when we know more.

HISTORIC ENGLAND
Write to tell us that this will start soon Subject: Land at Enderby Wharf, Christchurch Way: 15/3844/SD (LAG/011/391) CLO16536 (Enderby Group are of course aware of this)

ENDERBY GROUP
Sorry to keep on about them (or us as we are otherwise known). We were very happy to welcome Bill Burns from the US to our last committee meeting. Bill is a long distance member of the committee and he runs the very excellent http://atlantic-cable.com/

LITTLE EASTERN
Delighted to learn that at the time Brunel's Great Eastern was being launched in Millwall, that a tug was launched by a Greenwich Shipbuilder, called Little Eastern.
There are some details about her on http://thamestugs.co.uk  but not which Greenwich shipbuilder was responsible - any info welcome

GREENWICH PARK RESERVOIR
Richard draws attention to the picture of the Greenwich Park Reservoir which won a Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors award and is featured in (of all places!!) Greenwich Time.
on 29th March.  Congratulations on the award, and the picture - and it would be good if Greenwich Time took a bit of interest in something like this again.
Elizabeth comments " the next reservoir northwards is interesting. The building is said to have been designed by Robert Hooke (the listing says Nicholas Hawksmoor but thoughts may have moved on). Anyone know the current state of research.

J.T.BEALE
As part of my research into this Greenwich engineer - I did a talk about him to GIHS on Tuesday and happy to repeat this - I have been trying to find out more about a steam engine which he built which is in store at the Beamish Museum in Durham.  I understand from them that it is owned by Tyne and Tees Museum Service and are waiting for information back from them.  The engine dates from 1849 and came from the Glemsford Silk Mill.  Pic below. Any information we would be grateful - it is not his signature rotary engine though.









Dartford Trevithick Day.
This is on May 7th with a show in Central Park Dartford, and then on the 8th a steam parade in Dartford High Street
www.trevithicksindustrialdartford.co.uk

Historic England Angel Awards now open for nominations
Since 2011, the Historic England Angel Awards have recognised the efforts of local people and groups who go to great lengths to preserve their heritage. The 2016 Angel Awards are now├é open for applications. You can apply for yourself, or you can nominate another person or group.
There are five award categories to apply for in 2016: Best community action project, Best contribution to a heritage project by young people, Best research project, Best rescue of a heritage site, utstanding contribution to heritage
Read about the full award criteria and eligibility here.
The shortlist, as chosen by a panel of experts, will be named in the summer and the winners will be announced during a glittering prize ceremony that will take place in the autumn.
Find out about previous winners and shortlisted entries of the Historic England Angel Awards here.
 
(hope these links work, sorry if they don't)







Monday, 18 April 2016

BARBARA




BARBARA

As many historians and people in Greenwich will know by now Barbara Ludlow died over the weekend.  This is a brief tribute to her - she was one of the founders of Greenwich Industrial History Society - and we will be putting something more fitting as a memorial to this important Greenwich historian - and a friend to many of us.


In the meantime here is a link to a Facebook page which Rob Powell has set up for tributes and comments - with a picture of one of her books.

https://www.facebook.com/greenwich/photos/a.10150600119969505.440743.275754174504/10154348335754505/?type=3&theatre

Below is a bibliography of Barbara's work which Julian Watson has compiled.   There was probably far more and we would be grateful for any additions.


Barbara Ludlow

Bibliography

Transactions of the Greenwich and Lewisham Antiquarian Society:

Social Conditions on Greenwich Marsh 1837-1901. Vol VII no. 3 1968. This article was based on Barbara’s dissertation for her Diploma in Local History at the University of London.

Greenwich Tradesmen of the Nineteenth Century. Vol. VII no. 6 1972

The Vestry met, the rate was set: Administration in Greenwich, 1770-1800. Vol X no.5 1989.

Out of Kent and into London: Greenwich and the London County Council, 1889-1965. Vol. X no.6 1990.

Greenwich Historical Society Journal:

Book review.  ‘Enderby Settlement Diaries: records of a British colony at the Auckland Islands, 1849-1852.’ edited by Dingwall, Fraser, Gregory and Robertson. 1999. Vol 2 no.3. 2000.

Book review. A Fisherman of Greenwich. By Julie Tadman. 2002. Vol.2 no. 5. 2002.

Whaling for oil: the rise and fall of the ‘Enterprising Enderbys.’ C1750-1855 (part one). Vol.3 no.4. 2007.

Whaling for oil: the rise and fall of the ‘Enterprising Enderbys’ (part two). Vol. 3 no. 5. 2008.

Books:

Combe Farm, Greenwich. By Sally Jenkinson and Barbara Ludlow. Gordon Teachers’ Centre. 1987.
Greenwich. By Barbara Ludlow. Tempus Publishing 1994. Reprinted 1998, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008. Images of England series.

The Twentieth Century: Greenwich. By Barbara Ludlow and Julian Watson. Sutton Publishing. 1999.

Greenwich Then and Now in Colour. By Barbara Ludlow and Julian Watson. The History Press. 2012

‘She can Sew a Flannel Cartridge’ in the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich. By Barbara Ludlow. A chapter in: Aspects of the Arsenal: the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich. Edited by Beverley Burford and Julian Watson. Greenwich Borough Museum. 1997.

What's In a Name. Short biographies of people whose names have been given to council buildings, etc., in the London Borough of Greenwich. By Barbara Ludlow. Greenwich Council, 1996

 Bygone Kent Articles:

Billingsgate Dock, Greenwich: the Story of an Old Draw Dock. Vol. 24 no. 2 2003.

‘Of Cabbages and Queens’: the Story of Combe Farm in East Greenwich, parts one and two. Vol. 26. 2005   

Greenwich Industrial History Newsletter and Blog

Notes on the Enderbys. GIHS Newsletter.  December  2006 Vol.9.No.4

A Greenwich Made Theodolite. GIHS Newsletter March  2001 Vol.4.No.2.
The Enderby Settlement Diaries   Book review GIHS Newsletter  VOL 3 No.1.

The Enderbys - note from Barbara Ludlow.. Greenwich Industrial History Blog. January 2009

                                                                                                                                  Julian Watson

                                                                                                                                   20/4/2016

Beale engineers

Next GIHS meeting 19th April at  Age Exchange Bakehouse. 7.30

In a change to the original advertised programme I am going to speak about Joshua and John Taylor Beale.

I have already written several articles about the Beale's in the 1990s - and am now a bit upset to realise that a lot of what I wrote was actually wrong!!

Joshua Beale rented part of the Enderby site from the Enderbys in the early 19th century - he had an amazingly versatile career as an inventor and manufacturer.  Much of what did links up with other strands of innovation in that period - use of rubber, steam engines, new ways of propelling boats, steam road vehicles - and much else.  His most important invention was sold to a local firm which, moving out of London, manufactured it until at least the 1950s.  That firm is now part of a multi national and adaptions of his invention is still made in their factories around the world.

John Beale, his son, was a also a prolific inventor with links to early cinema and bicycles.

Last December I went to Matlock to see a file in the Derbyshire Record Office - and uncovered an amazing story of family scandals and squabbles.

Please come along

Saturday, 2 April 2016

More News

CHANGE OF PROGRAMME
GIHS - meeting on 19th - this will now feature Mary Mills - on some other bits of the Enderby site - the gunpowder works and the Beale foundry
Age Exchange Bakehouse, Bennett Park. 7.30



TIDAL THAMES NEWSLETTER - PORT OF LONDON AUTHORITY

There is always something interesting in this monthly web based newsetter.  the March issue features a page on The AHOY Centre, based on the Greenwich/Deptford Borders. " The Centre uses maritime training in a range of projects to help  disadvantaged kids, and recently launched the Community Boats Fund Raising Challenge putting the 'expertise' of community volunteers to good use so that a pair of the club's own Watermen's Cutters can be built
the AHOY team needs more volunteers to help sand, varnish and do other tasks ......they are now just over half way through the fit out of the first boat and have cast the hull mould for the second".

PLA also point to the increasing size of boats on the Thames and mention that last May Viking Star was the largest ever cruise ship to come up and moor at Greenwich.

BRITISH TRANSPORT TREASURES  - Stuart has sent us....
http://www.britishtransporttreasures.com/product/the-passenger-steamers-of-the-thames-the-mersey-and-the-clyde-by-william-carson-assoc-inst-c-e-1880-ebook/
http://www.britishtransporttreasures.com/product/memoranda-locomotive-carriage-works-stratford-wagon-works-at-temple-mills-great-eastern-railway-june-1903-ebook/

GREENWICH HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION
Forthcoming meetings:  All at James Wolfe School, Royal Hill. 7.30
27th April - Greenwich. A photographic Memoir. By Horatio Blood
25th May  -  London's Sailortown - A social history of Shadwell and Ratcliffe. By Derek Morris
28th September - A History of Ballast Quay and Union Wharf. By Michael Graham Smith and Polly Carter
26th October - Bert Lloyd by Dave Arthur
23rd November - PC Wren by Neil Rhind.

SOCIALIST HISTORY SOCIETY
26th April  Ada Salter and Ethical Socialism by Graham Taylor  Marx Memorial Library, 37a Clerkenwell Green, EC1ODU (Farringdon Station).  Ada Salter was an activist working in Bermondsey in the early 20th century.

PRESERVE ENDERBY'S MARITIME HERITAGE -  Please see the write up of the recent Enderby Group event by Mandy Little in the Mercury  http://www.southlondonpress.co.uk/article.cfm?id=116839&headline=Preserve%20Enderby%E2%80%99s%20maritime%20heritage&sectionIs=sports&searchyear=2016

BLACKHEATH SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY
What can cause sea level change?? by Tom Armitage 15th April Mycenae House.

CROSSNESS RECORD
- The current issue begins with a picture of their trust board meeting 'at work'.  There is information about current refurbishment, including heating and work on the roof of the fitting shop and a new home for loco 'Woolwich'.  There are some pictures of gardening and various other events and activities - much detail of maintenance of 'Victoria'.  There was a visit from Sludgetech and a 96 years birthday cake. 
They advertise - Open Day just turn up 10.30-17.00 10th April, 22nd May, 5th June, 19the June (free to fathers), 3rd July, 24th July, 14th August, 4th September, 9th October, 23rd October (on some of these dates Prince Consort is in steam)
CET GUIDED TOURS book through Eventbrite  - 22nd April, 27th May, 15th July, 26th August, 23rd September.   
TOTALLY THAMES WALK - 4th September, 11th September  book through Eventbrite
https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/

ST  GEORGE'S WESTCOMBE PARK
15th-16th - Exhibition by the Marx Memorial Library on the role of Socialists and Trade Unionists who tried to keep us out of the Great War  from 9 am to 9.00pm Friday and 7.00 Saturday
15th lecture by Prof Mary Davis 7.30

HISTORIC GAS TIMES
The current issue includes an article by Hither Green based historian, Brian Sturt, about Charles Aird and Kingston Gas Works.  Brian does however also mention Charles' earlier work in Greenwich. He describes how in the 1840s his father John Aird was Manager of Greenwich Gas Works (the current Waitrose site) . Small main laying jobs led to the setting up of John Aird and Co. in 1848 - a major contractor. Charles kept a diary which has been published (Peter Stirling Aird, Deptford, Toronto and Kingston, The Early Years of Charles Aird, Victorian Engineer. Grimshay Press  2005). 

Wednesday, 16 March 2016

News

Enderby Group - On Monday the Enderby Group held a seminar for a small selected audience of local politicians, prominent citizens, museum operators and historians and some developers.  This consisted of a walk from the Cutty Sark Pub to the Enderby Jetty - (and thanks to Keith Palmer of Alcatel-Lucent who opened up the jetty and made a major contribution to the seminar later). Various items of historical interest were pointed out along with some of the group's ideas for the future.  They then went back to the Crows Nest in Cutty Sark Pub (and thanks to the staff) where we had coffee and a chat. Stewart Ash gave a presentation on the history of the site, and Elizabeth Pearcey talked about our hopes for the future and the possibilities.  One problem that the group has is that no-one has any idea what Barratt plans for Enderby House - one participant at the meeting said that they were turning down offers to purchase it, and the Barratt staff who had promised to attend, sadly did not appear.  Planners present confirmed that Barratts are obliged under their planning consent to renovate the building - but, again, no one still has much idea what the state of the building is now.  Council staff confirmed that have urged Barratt to talk to the Group

Come on Barratt - we can all work together on this!

Some pictures of the event together with a write up is at  https://www.facebook.com/search/top/?q=enderby  and  http://onthethames.net/2016/03/14/enderby-campaigners-discuss-future-historic-site/
(and thank you Rob and Danny - and Michael for the picture above)

The Enderby Group produced an information pack and a walk document for the event - a limited number of these are available should anyone be interested.


MORE STUFF

info wanted: Hello, I am interested in the old firm of T W Thompson & co and the Endyne works, I have found a small amount of info on line, just wondering if there are any old photos   of the Endyne works, or of the Engines & Dynamos that they built, and when and why the company closed down.

British Transport Treasures has sent us the following:
 http://www.britishtransporttreasures.com/product/maritime-rotherhithe-history-walk-transport-industry-and-the-docks-by-stuart-rankin-southwark-council-2005-ebook/
http://www.britishtransporttreasures.com/product/punch-library-of-humour-mr-punch-afloat-ed-by-j-a-hammerton-the-educational-book-co-n-d-but-pre-1909-ebook/
http://www.britishtransporttreasures.com/product/war-on-the-line-by-bernard-darwin-southern-railway-company-london-1946-ebook/
http://www.britishtransporttreasures.com/product/life-in-the-ocean-wave-sailor-cartoons-by-john-h-gilmour-eagle-steamer-publications-nd-but-late-1920s-ebook/

CROSSRAIL ARCHAEOLOGY -  In most of the 19th century - in fact up to 1912 - anyone who lived in East Greenwich or on the Peninsula would have had their river view dominated by the huge warships which were built on the north bank alongside Bow Creek - and elsewhere of course. This was the Thames Ironworks site on the Essex Bank of the Creek.

If you go now to Portsmouth Maritime Station the main thing you can see outside, looming over the station is the vast bulk of HMS Warrior - in the 1850s that bulk would have dominated the our view of the river, and Warrior is very far from being the biggest ship built in Bow Creek - and in those days they expected to see big ships on the Thames. 

So thanks to Crossrail the (fairly minimal) archaeological dig on the shipbuilding site has been published and is available. Its fine, although it has its limitations - an interesting beginners guide to Thames Shipbuilding, with some useful details on Ditchburn and Mare (I have never seen them written up before) and on the Hills (who are a specialist subject of mine and basically Deptford and Greenwich based).  There is a lot of detail about the places they dug and what they found there. 

My main criticism is that although they say they have consulted shipbuilding specialists there is no mention in the acknowledgements of anyone from the Museum in Docklands or the Greenwich Maritime History Institute or indeed any of the people who have been running and participating in the bi-annual Thames Shipbuilding Symposia - so - er - why not?? 

However, we should thank Crossrail for getting the archaeologists to publish - most of the industrial sites in Greenwich, now covered with tower blocks, have had 'desk tops' and digs and reports - which no one has ever seen, or will see.  Bad bad bad
Daniel Harrison.  The Thames Ironworks 1837-1912: A Major Shipbuilder on the Thames. MOLA (sorry no idea how much or where you get it from - someone said Oxbow Publications)


Monday, 29 February 2016

Sea Witch Pub - the tankards



SEA WITCH PUB
 


The Sea Witch Pub stood along the Greenwich Riverside Path,  facing the river, until it was bombed in the Second World War and was subsequently demolished.  It stood just where the path turns abruptly left to go round Morden Wharf - until five or six years ago this was the site of the Amylum Laboratory building, which strangely echoed its size, shape and layout.
 
 
 
 
I wrote an article about the Sea Witch for Bygone Kent a few years ago and it can be found online at https://greenwichpeninsulahistory.wordpress.com/2013/07/30/two-vanished-greenwich-pubs/  and I understand more research has been done by others, since.

We have now been sent two pictures of the base of a tankard which has clearly come from this long vanished pub.  They came from Alex of the Brightwater Brewery which is in Claygate, Surrey.  It occurs to GIHS that there must be more like this out there - so - if your grandpa is using a Sea Witch tankard to keep his used paint brushes in, please let us know (we also think that there are collectors out there willing to - er - pay)